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Hybrid cars and its evolution in the 21st century

A technical hybrid description indicates the use of a sophisticated technical system that combines two different technologies to achieve the goal, the movement of the hybird cars.

Hybrid cars  adopts a motor system of two different types to store energy and convert it into motion. For example, an electric motor is used alongside an internal combustion engine as a way to convert energy into motion. It uses an electric battery as well as conventional fuel as two ways to store energy and convert it into energy. During the operation of the vehicle it is possible to use both engines in a parallel or separate sequence. The electric motor will cut the first distances on the road where the battery is fully charged at the first command. This does not result in harmful gases. Near the entry of electric power, the internal combustion engine begins its normal work to continue the road.

An internal combustion engine, along with an electric battery and an electric generator, is often used to store electrical energy in the battery while driving. During the operation of the hybrid cars, it is possible to use both engines in a parallel or separate sequence. The electric motor will cut the first distances on the road where the battery is fully charged at the first command. This does not result in harmful gases. Near the entry of electric power, the internal combustion engine begins its normal work to continue the road.An internal combustion engine, along with an electric battery and an electric generator, is often used to store electrical energy in the battery while driving.The movement of hybird cars is based on the conversion of a section of the kinetic energy generated by the combustion engine into the electric motor battery by a dynamo and stored in the battery. It can then be used as an energy to operate the electric motor, which can take over the role of the normal engine completely in the case of intermediate speeds. Auto factories are researching to reduce the weight and weight of batteries currently in use as they take a great deal of car load. It also develops electric motors to reduce noise from high speed. For the electric battery, it is thought to be replaced by a new fuel cell technology that depends on the interaction of hydrogen and oxygen to generate electricity. The advantages of hydrogen-electric cells are that they do not produce substances that are harmful to the environment or toxic, but rather the exhaust is water.

How to Control the hybrid cars

hybird cars
Hybrid cars and its evolution in the 21st century

About 40 years after the invention of the electronic microprocessor and first used in the laptop, now and future cars can not be dispensed with. It is used to control regular braking and is used to regulate the exhaust purification of harmful gases. The value of electronics in the car has increased from 5% 0% in 1980 to about 20% of the price of the car in 2010. They have a heavy burden on running a hybrid car.

The types of electronics used in the hybrid cars are divided into two types: power electronics and control electronics. The power electronics function involves regulating the distribution of high currents and regulating electrical voltage in the vehicle. With a high efficiency, weight and price. The capacity of the power electronics in a medium car can be about 20 kg. The power electronics contain an electrical transformer that converts the DC current from the battery to AC power to operate the electric motor.

Control electronics regulate interoperability between the internal combustion engine, the electric motor, the electric generator and the battery. Its function is that the internal combustion engine operates within the appropriate range of capacity during the operation of the vehicle. It must transfer the operation from the internal combustion engine to the electric motor in a timely manner and regulate the use of part of the gasoline engine to generate an electric current to charge the battery. This depends on the amount of battery charge. On the regulation of the battery charge, there should be a compatibility between a low charge of the battery (to be shipped during an upcoming braking) and a high battery charge for other work in the hybrid cars , such as the operation of the electric motor and the start-up and stop operations. This regulation is carried out according to realistic traffic conditions and is consistent with it.

The current development of Hybrid cars in the markets

Hybrid cars
Hybrid cars and its evolution in the 21st century

Although the first car in Porsche’s history, designed by Ferdinand Porsche in 1898, was entirely electric, the world took about 100 years to provide the hybrids commercially for the consumer .  The development of hybrid cars has begun at the hands of Toyota and Hyundai, but in recent years more manufacturers have decided to enter the hybrid car development race and these vehicles are becoming popular with people for their long-term economic cost.

At high speed, for example, a low battery charge is targeted, which can be charged during an upcoming braking process in what is known as braking braking (the hybrid cars takes advantage of braking power and part of it is converted by an electric generator into electrical energy stored in the battery). The microprocessor is based on software and past experiences. The highest performance efficiency can be achieved by connecting the electronic control to a car navigation system, where the vehicle is then preparing for the rise of heights such as mountains on the road or landing on lows .

The best 5 Hybrid Cars in 2017

Hybrid cars
Hybrid cars and its evolution in the 21st century

Toyota Prius C , Take the uninspired underpinnings of the Toyota Yaris hybird car and mix with it an even less powerful version of the Prius hybrid powertrain and you get the Prius C.

Honda CR-Z , The CR-Z is an ambitious attempt at making a sporty hybrid, but its performance doesn’t match its adventurous styling.

Hyundai Ioniq , Sharing its underpinnings with the Kia Niro, the Hyundai Ioniq is a hybrid in many flavors.

Volkswagen e-Golf , Inheriting the excellence of its gas-powered sibling, the e-Golf zaps its way through a growing field of affordable EVs.

Ford C-Max , While comfortable and fun to drive, the C-Max’s high EPA-estimated fuel-economy numbers are basically fantasy.

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